“High key” and “low key” are creative styles that photographers often use to evoke a specific mood or emotion in their images.  In my last post, we explored high key toy photography.  So this time we’ll take a look at low key toy photography.

Defining Low Key

Recall that all photographs contain a range of tonal values, anywhere between pure black and pure white.  Technically speaking, when most of the values are in the darkest part of the tonal range, it is considered “low key”.  Here is a photo of average tonal range and a low key photo.  You can examine the tonal range of a photo by viewing its histogram in-camera or in post-processing programs such as Lightroom.

This photo has an average tonal range, with values spread fairly evenly across the histogram from the left edge to the right edge.
This is a low key photo – most of its tonal values are on the left side of the histogram. 

But low key photography is not just about exposure and histograms. Careful placement of the light and dark areas in the image creates interest and drama and draws the viewer’s eye to the subject.  Successful low key toy photos also reflect intentional decisions about composition, toy choice, and atmosphere. 

Low Key Loki.  A small flashlight with a snoot was used as the main light, positioned slightly to the side of and above Loki’s head, creating shadows under his helmet and chin. I also used small green lights on both sides to feather across the edges, which separated the helmet and staff from the dark background. A vignette was added in post-processing.

Creating a Mood

Low key images commonly convey a dark and serious tone, mystery, or suspense.  Product and portrait photographers often use low key lighting for a different reason – to convey a sense of style, luxury, or elegance.  We can do both with toys.

Vader Reflected – a low key image with a dark, serious mood.  The reflection was created in-camera by placing a Lensbaby OMNI reflective sheet insert between the Darth Vader minifig in the foreground and the Death Star window in the background.  The starry background was added in post-processing.
The Spider Queen – a product photography-style low key image.  Lights were positioned on both sides of the setup. Black plexiglass was used as the base to create the reflection.

How to Create a Low Key Toy Photo

I find that low key toy photos are easier to create indoors because you have more control over the lighting. 

Start with a black background or dark scene.  Experiment with positioning your lighting around your setup, paying attention to where the light falls on your main subject.  Modify your light(s) and adjust the setup to block light from spilling on areas where you don’t want it.  Use a fill light or reflector if needed to bring some detail to the shadow areas.  Additionally, you can underexpose in-camera, but keep in mind that it may be harder to recover information from the blacks and shadows later. Keep your ISO as low as possible to minimize noise.  Finally, you can use post-processing to further darken the exposure, increase contrast, and retouch areas you do not want to draw attention to.

I created all the images for this post with LEGO or custom minifigures. But action figures or any toy with dimension and texture will look awesome with low key lighting (and will probably be easier to achieve than LEGO!).

Skeleton Knight
Skeleton Knight image setup (before final light positioning).  A single flashlight was used as the main light, aimed through a small window cut in the side wall.  The jail cell doors in front of the lens (lit by existing natural light) were used to add foreground interest. 

Here are more low key photography ideas to try with your toys.


The iconic chiaroscuro style, made famous by Renaissance painters, creates the illusion of depth by using lights and darks to accentuate contours, texture, and shapes.  In portrait photography, side-lighting, which results in more “suggestive” lighting (rather than evenly lighting the entire subject) creates this effect.  It works quite well for toys too. 

Side-lighting was used to create this portrait of Delvin.  A separate light was used for the background. 

Rim Lighting

Rim lighting is a great technique to use when you want to highlight only the edges or contours that define a subject’s shape.  Set the light(s) behind or to the side of your setup and then adjust them to get the light to fall where you want it. It takes some time to position the figures and the lights, but it’s worth the effort. Toys with an interesting or recognizable shape work best for rim lighting.

Thestrals.  You can use rim lighting to outline an entire figure against a dark background, or just to highlight interesting areas as I did here.


Noir (film noir) is a low key style using harsh lighting, lots of shadows, and deep blacks to create a foreboding, mysterious mood.  Traditionally, noir movies and photos are black and white (but they don’t have to be). Take a closer look at how to create noir-style toy photos in this post.

Gangster Mice – a noir style image.  Low key images work really well in black and white since they are all about darks and lights.  If I had used a smaller fill light or relied solely on the car headlights for lighting, I could have achieved an even more “noir-like” effect.


Creating low key photos outdoors may be more challenging than indoors, but don’t let that stop you.  Choose a location with a dark background or shade. Even better if there is dappled light or a shaft of sunlight :). Then position your toy in the light or at the edge of the shade with the light falling on them. Alternatively, you can also use a small light to light the subject.  Or try photographing at night using a flashlight, street light, or other light source.

Orc in the Forest – a shady outdoor location, using a small flashlight as the main light.


This was a quick introduction to creating low key toy photos.  Look around the toy community and you’ll find some really fantastic examples for inspiration.  For starters, check out the incredible work of @cattie.combs, @toyingwithlight, and Tobias M. Schiel.

If the low key style appeals to you, try it out with your toy photography.  It’s super fun! And if you are joining in on the Toy Photographers MeWe 2023 Photo Bingo Challenge, you’ll be all set for the #tp_low_key prompt.  Have fun!